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Lab Instruments
The Chemical Company Methanol
Categories: Fluid; Solvent

Material Notes: Methanol is a liquid chemical with the formula CH3OH (often abbreviated MeOH). It is colorless, volatile, flammable, and poisonous. Methonal is made from the destructive distillation of wood and is chiefly synthesized from carbon monoxide and hydrogen. Its principal uses are in organic synthesis, as a fuel, solvent, and antifreeze. Methanol is toxic. Drinking 10 ml of the substance will cause blindness; consuming as little as 100 ml will result in death. It is the simplest form of alcohol and has a distinctive odor that is similar to ethanol (drinking alcohol), but slightly sweeter. Methanol is a polar liquid at room temperature. It is used as antifreeze, solvent, fuel, and as a denaturant for ethanol. The chemical is also used to produce biodiesel via transesterification reaction. Because Methanol has toxic properties, it is frequently used as a denaturant additive for ethanol manufactured for industrial purposes. Methanol is frequently called wood alcohol because it was once produced primarily as a byproduct of the destructive distillation of wood. Today, three methods are commonly used to produce synthesis gas from the methane component in natural gas. The methods are steam-methane or SMR, which is endothermic, partial oxidation with molecular oxygen, which is exothermic, and the combination of the two, which is referred to as autothermal reforming.

Information provided by The Chemical Company

Key Words: hydroxymethane; methyl alcohol; methyl hydrate; wood alcohol; carbinol; CAS Number 67-56-1
Vendors:
Available Properties
  • Specific Gravity
  • Brookfield Viscosity
  • Acid Value, wt% acetic acid
  • Melting Point
  • Boiling Point
  • Distillation Temperature, including 64.6 ± 0.1
  • Flash Point, closed cup
  • Moisture Content
  • Chlorine, Cl
  • Iron, Fe
  • Sulfur, S
  
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